My research integrates the areas of affective science and child development with a focus on how early experiences influence risk for mental health difficulties. Broadly, my graduate studies have focused on 1) improving methods for the measurement of the early environment, including both in utero and postnatally, through the use of multi-modal assessments, 2) examining how different dimensions of caregiving in infancy relate to psychobiological development, and 3) characterizing the effects of early adversity on the development of stress response systems.